Top Best Gemstone Countries on Earth

It is always interesting to read about the countries which are treasure lands for some of the most wonderful varieties of gemstones on Earth. This article brings forth the list of the biggest producers of some of the most eye-catching and enthralling stones which include gems like emeralds, opals, jade, sapphires, rubies etc.

Browse through the article to know about these naturally rich nations which are the biggest sellers of gemstones of different kinds:

Colombia

Biggest Producer of: Emeralds, 70-90% contribution to the total world’s supply

Colombian land is richest source of emeralds in the world. The mining of this gem began in the pre-colonial era when the Spanish conquistadores exploited the royal mines commercially and internationally. There is a pure type of emerald which is most popular variant on this land which was created as a result of the geological forces which led to the rise of Andes. This stone is still mined in these mines. Muzo is the most popular mine in Colombia which is known to product the best emeralds in the world. There are two more mines in this region which also contribute to the world’s production.

Africa

Prominent producer of: Diamonds

Africa is known worldwide for its classy diamond productions. The most popular countries which have been making greatest contributions to the supply of this amazing stone include

Africa, of course, is noted primarily for its diamond production, although gem deposits of minor Zaire, Republic of South Africa, Ghana, Sierra Leone, South-West Africa, Angola Tanzania and Central African Republic.

The Eastern Africa which includes countries like Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique are known to produce ruby, sapphire, “tanzanite” emerald, alexandrite, aquamarine, rhodolite and “tsavorite” garnets and tourmaline.

Madagascar

Biggest Producer of: Sapphires along with a vibrant variety of other precious gems.

There was a time when Madagascar’s sapphire contributed almost 50% of the world’s total production. They were first discovered in the small town of Ilakaka in 1998 where these precious stones were found very easily as the soil was rich and lucky for all. This was the peak time in the history of that town where sapphires were easily available. But now, professional miners have to dig deep beneath the surface to find these beautiful and sensational stones. There have been two new discoveries in the deposits rich in sapphires which include Tamatave and Didy.

Another popular stones which can be found in the rich mines of Madagascar which include emerald, aquamarine, morganite, tourmaline, tsavorite, demantoid, spessartite and color-change garnets. It is surely a very productive country in terms of gemstones.

Sri Lanka

Prominent producer of: More than 50 varieties of gems which include sapphires.

Sri Lanka is one of the most popular and richest countries in gems and stones. It is also known as the “Treasure Box of the Indian Ocean” because of the availability of various kinds of precious gems. The country has a renowned center of country’s mining industry stationed at Ratanpura which is popularly known as “The Gem Town”. This country has been the prominent supplier of the most precious stones which beautify the crown jewels of various countries like Great Britain and Russia.

The list of gemstones produced by the rich lands of Sri Lanka include ruby, sapphire, spinel, the finest chrysoberyl (including cat’s-eye and alexandrite), topaz, tourmaline, quartz, peridot, moonstone, garnet, zircon and a number of other gemstones.

Myanmar

Biggest Producer of: Rubies, contributing highest to the total world’s supply which is approximately 90%.

Mogok are the most popular mines in the world. They are known as “Valley of Rubies” because of their finest supplies of the most expensive stone. The most productive pit at Mogok is the very popular Safari mine which is known to produce 800 grams of stones every day which amounts to almost 4,000 carats.

Burma is also a home of many other precious stones which include sapphires, spine, Imperial jade etc. This country supplies mostly to the Asian countries which include markets of Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore etc.

Australia

Biggest producer of: Opal, contributing to almost 90% of the total production on the planet.

Australia supplies a wide spectrum of opal of different colors. Some of the most popular mines in Australia are located at Coober Pedy and Andamooka in South Australia along with Lightning Ridge in New South Wales. The old mines at Coober Pedy have been converted into underground houses. Before the discovery of sapphires in the town of Ilakaka, it was the leading producer of the beautiful gem.

These are the best gemstone countries in the world which have been offering the most enthralling range of stones of different types.

Top 10 Most Expensive Gemstones in the World

When minerals are cut and polished by the experienced and skilled hands, they transform into the most fabulous and expensive gemstones. These stones beautify the jewelry pieces and reflect the social status. No woman can withstand the effect of these enticing gems which come in mesmerizing colors, shapes and sizes. This article brings to you the list of the most expensive gemstones in the world. These 10 best stones are truly precious and worth an addition to your collection.

Jadeite

Jadeite is the most expensive stone on the face of this planet. It is considered as one of the most valuable gems because of its exclusive beauty and it’s used in history by Mesoamerican Olmec and Costa Rica. It was recently rediscovered and mined by Guatemalans. It is difficult to mine and rarely known which increases it price even more.

Price: More than $ 3 million per carat
Colors: Shades of green apple to jade green but can also be blue-green, pink, lavender and a multitude of other rare colors.

Red Diamonds

It is one of the rarest diamonds on the planet. Its beautiful shade makes it a very popular and desirable stone. Till date there have been only 20-30 certified diamonds on earth which were pure red. There is only one mining company located in Australia which gets to find a very small number of red diamonds each year which are not strictly red but are close to it.

Price: $ 2 million to 2.5 million per carat
Colors: Shades of red ranging from purplish red to crimson red

Serendibite

It is another very expensive and rarest gemstone in the world. It is found only at two places, namely Mogok in Burma and Ratanpura in Sri Lanka.

Price: More than $ 1.8 to 2 million per carat
Colors: The Burma variety is dark black and grey, the Sri Lanka variety is blue to blue-green.

Blue Garnet

It is another very popular and costly gem in the world which was discovered in Madagascar in 1990s. After that it has been mined in the United States, Russia and Turkey. The presence of vanadium in it makes it emit purple hues when it is held against the light thereby giving it a class apart feel.

Price: $ 1.5 million per carat
Colors: It comes is a variety of colors which include black, brown, pink, purple, green, orange, red and yellow.

Grandidierite

Grandidierite was named after a famous natural historian names Alfred Grandidier who discovered this beautiful and precious stone in Sri Lanka which was found similar to Serendibite but was concluded to be a new stone.

Price: $ 100,000 per carat
Colors: It transmits blue, green and white light.

Painite

This stone is a rare borate material which was discovered in 1950s by an Englishman. It has a beautiful hexagon shape which is natural. It contains traces of metals like vanadium, chromium and iron. Recently, it was also discovered in Burma before which it was one of the rarest stones in the world.

Price: $ 50,000 to $ 60,000 per carat
Colors: Orange- red and brownish-red.

Musgravite

It is a silicate mineral which also contains traces of magnesium, aluminum and berrylium. This stone gets its name from the place where it was discovered i.e. Musgrave Mountains in Australia. Later similar mineral was also found in Sri Lanka, Greenland and Madagascar. But despite its mining at different locations on earth, high quality Musgravite is still one of the rarest stones.

Price: $ 35,000 per carat
Colors: Mostly in green and violet colors

Bixbite or Red Beryl Emerald

It is yet another very costly and rarest stones on the planet. It is mined mostly in Sierra Country in New Mexico and in few places in Utah which are called Juab Country and Beaver Country. The best of the red beryl is found in the Wah Wah Mountains of mid west Utah which is called Violet Claim. It contains traces of Manganese which imparts it a red shade.

Price: $ 10,000 per carat
Colors: Shades of ruby red and purple

Emerald

Though this precious stone is mined at different places in the world but it is still falls in the list of most expensive gemstones on the planet. India, Austria and Egypt are the oldest mining destinations of his precious gem. Most of the emerald which is mined cannot be cut into gemstones which increases it prices.

Price: $ 8,000 per carat
Colors: Shades of green with hues of green, yellow and blue

Black Opal

Australia produces 97% of the total supply of black opal which makes it the national gemstone of Australia. But it has also been unearthed in Mexico, Brazil, Ethiopia, Mali etc. The 20% weight of the stone is because of water. It beautifully diffracts the light thereby making it an amazing stone to cherish.

Price: $ 2,400 per carat
Colors: Shades of blue, grey, brown, green, olive, magenta, pink, rose, red, orange, white, yellow, slate but the best being black.

These are the costliest and most amazing stones in the world.