It is always interesting to read about the countries which are treasure lands for some of the most wonderful varieties of gemstones on Earth. This article brings forth the list of the biggest producers of some of the most eye-catching and enthralling stones which include gems like emeralds, opals, jade, sapphires, rubies etc.
Browse through the article to know about these naturally rich nations which are the biggest sellers of gemstones of different kinds:
Biggest Producer of: Emeralds, 70-90% contribution to the total world’s supply
Colombian land is richest source of emeralds in the world. The mining of this gem began in the pre-colonial era when the Spanish conquistadores exploited the royal mines commercially and internationally. There is a pure type of emerald which is most popular variant on this land which was created as a result of the geological forces which led to the rise of Andes. This stone is still mined in these mines. Muzo is the most popular mine in Colombia which is known to product the best emeralds in the world. There are two more mines in this region which also contribute to the world’s production.
Prominent producer of: Diamonds
Africa is known worldwide for its classy diamond productions. The most popular countries which have been making greatest contributions to the supply of this amazing stone include
Africa, of course, is noted primarily for its diamond production, although gem deposits of minor Zaire, Republic of South Africa, Ghana, Sierra Leone, South-West Africa, Angola Tanzania and Central African Republic.
The Eastern Africa which includes countries like Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique are known to produce ruby, sapphire, “tanzanite” emerald, alexandrite, aquamarine, rhodolite and “tsavorite” garnets and tourmaline.
Biggest Producer of: Sapphires along with a vibrant variety of other precious gems.
There was a time when Madagascar’s sapphire contributed almost 50% of the world’s total production. They were first discovered in the small town of Ilakaka in 1998 where these precious stones were found very easily as the soil was rich and lucky for all. This was the peak time in the history of that town where sapphires were easily available. But now, professional miners have to dig deep beneath the surface to find these beautiful and sensational stones. There have been two new discoveries in the deposits rich in sapphires which include Tamatave and Didy.
Another popular stones which can be found in the rich mines of Madagascar which include emerald, aquamarine, morganite, tourmaline, tsavorite, demantoid, spessartite and color-change garnets. It is surely a very productive country in terms of gemstones.
Prominent producer of: More than 50 varieties of gems which include sapphires.
Sri Lanka is one of the most popular and richest countries in gems and stones. It is also known as the “Treasure Box of the Indian Ocean” because of the availability of various kinds of precious gems. The country has a renowned center of country’s mining industry stationed at Ratanpura which is popularly known as “The Gem Town”. This country has been the prominent supplier of the most precious stones which beautify the crown jewels of various countries like Great Britain and Russia.
The list of gemstones produced by the rich lands of Sri Lanka include ruby, sapphire, spinel, the finest chrysoberyl (including cat’s-eye and alexandrite), topaz, tourmaline, quartz, peridot, moonstone, garnet, zircon and a number of other gemstones.
Biggest Producer of: Rubies, contributing highest to the total world’s supply which is approximately 90%.
Mogok are the most popular mines in the world. They are known as “Valley of Rubies” because of their finest supplies of the most expensive stone. The most productive pit at Mogok is the very popular Safari mine which is known to produce 800 grams of stones every day which amounts to almost 4,000 carats.
Burma is also a home of many other precious stones which include sapphires, spine, Imperial jade etc. This country supplies mostly to the Asian countries which include markets of Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore etc.
Biggest producer of: Opal, contributing to almost 90% of the total production on the planet.
Australia supplies a wide spectrum of opal of different colors. Some of the most popular mines in Australia are located at Coober Pedy and Andamooka in South Australia along with Lightning Ridge in New South Wales. The old mines at Coober Pedy have been converted into underground houses. Before the discovery of sapphires in the town of Ilakaka, it was the leading producer of the beautiful gem.
These are the best gemstone countries in the world which have been offering the most enthralling range of stones of different types.
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